What is ÉpStan?
“Épreuves Standardisées” (ÉpStan) are a school monitoring tool in Luxembourg and consist of written, in some cases computer-based tests and questionnaires that create a standardised record of competences in key school areas and of central features of teaching quality, the school and class climate, and motivation to learn. More precisely, every year at the beginning of each new learning cycle of mandatory schooling, i.e. in grade levels 1, 3, 5, 7 and 9, the ÉpStan examine whether the educational goals from the previous learning cycle have been achieved by all students in the respective grade levels. To ensure a fair performance comparison, the ÉpStan systematically take students’ socioeconomic and sociocultural backgrounds into account – in other words, characteristics that have been proven to have a major impact on educational success. Based on this data, the ÉpStan supply meaningful information that plays a major part in empirical education monitoring and research, and is used to objectively assess the performance, fairness and long-term development of the Luxembourg school system.